How the Criminal Justice Process Works: Know the Facts

  • Post published:July 12, 2016
  • Post category:Bail Bonds
Learn how the criminal justice process works

We have looked in-depth at the criminal justice system, and how the different components work together. Today, we’re going to examine how the criminal justice process works, and why it’s important to know the facts as you make your way through it with a loved one. If you have  a friend or family member who has been arrested in Colorado, call All Day All Night Bail Bonds for fast, affordable bail bonds.

Basics of the Criminal Justice Process

There are many different stages to the criminal justice process. This can be overwhelming, but it doesn’t have to be. We’ll go over the main steps so you have a good understanding of what to expect.


 – Commission of a Crime and Investigation


The first two steps take place when a crime is allegedly committed, and someone reports it, and when the police investigate it. Law enforcement officers will go to the scene of the alleged crime to gather evidence, as well as call witnesses, make written reports, and determine if there is enough evidence for an arrest.


 – Arrest, Criminal Charges and Advisement


The next three steps occur when the police make the arrest of the suspect (if there is enough evidence to support the arrest), and when the court files official criminal charges, detailing the alleged crime the suspect committed. Next, the defendant will appear in court for the advisement of the charges.


 – First Appearance, Pretrial, and Preliminary Hearing


The next three steps of the process include the first appearance in court. This is usually done so the defendant can bring in their attorney and schedule future court dates. The pretrial process includes the defendant’s attorney seeing the evidence, filing motions, etc. The preliminary hearing is when the prosecution presents its evidence to the court, and the court decides if there is enough evidence to go to trial.


 – Arraignment, Pretrial Conference, and Trial Preparation


At the arraignment, formal charges against the defendant are read. Also, the defendant enters his or her plea (not guilty, guilty, etc.), and it is entered into the record. After the arraignment, a pretrial conference is held, where future court dates are set. Now, trial preparation will begin.


 – Pretrial Hearings, Trial, Sentencing, Appeal


Before the trial takes place, pretrial hearings will occur. The purpose of these hearings are to solve any issues that arise before trial (such as motions). Next, the trial takes place. The jurors will be picked, the prosecution and defense will have opening statements, both sides will present their case, the jurors will be instructed, closing arguments will be held, the jury will deliberate, and then decide on a verdict. Once this has occurred, the judge will determine sentencing. Some defendants may have the right to an appeal a court ruling.

Loved One Arrested? Call All Day All Night Bail for Help

If you just got the news that a loved one has been arrested, call All Day All Night Bail Bonds right away. It’s important that you get them out of jail as quickly as possible. We are dedicated to providing people with information so they are fully informed about the criminal justice process. Call today to get the help you need!